Political and economic uncertainty may result in a knee-jerk reaction from investors who want to take their money offshore in response. However, investing offshore should form part of a diversified approach to a well-balanced investment portfolio, rather than a reaction to market movements.
Benefits of investing offshore
The more obvious benefits of investing offshore include access to a much larger investment universe, with tens of thousands of listed companies; and reduced exposure to falls in the rand. Offshore diversification benefits, however, go beyond this to include investment types, sectors and markets that may not be available locally, such as social networking (Facebook), e-commerce (Amazon), innovative motor manufacturers (Tesla) or biotechnology (Gilead).
How to invest offshore
There are three ways you could invest offshore:
- You can invest in a South African company that earns the majority of its income in other countries, such as SAB-Miller. This allows you to earn capital growth and income in rands, while also accessing a currency hedge in that your rand returns will increase with any devaluation in the local currency.
- You can invest in a South African unit trust fund that invests your money in overseas equities, bonds, property, cash or a combination of these assets. This is called a rand-denominated investment or an asset-swap investment. In this case, you will have reduced exposure to South African assets and you will enjoy the rand value of any investment returns and foreign currency gains. A rand-denominated offshore investment means that there is no need for you to convert your rands into foreign currency as you are effectively using the unit trust’s offshore allowance instead of your own. There is also no limit on the amount that you may invest through a rand-denominated offshore fund since you do not require any tax clearance for these investments.
- You can invest directly into a foreign fund. However, remember that the offshore investment is normally still fully taxable in South Africa and is also subject to estate duty, as long as you are a South African resident. The assets will also usually form part of your South African estate.
As a South African resident, you are allowed to invest a discretionary allowance of R1 million a year that you can invest abroad and you do not require a tax certificate for this. However, once your offshore investments exceed R1 million in a single year, you will have to obtain a tax clearance certificate from the South African Revenue Services (SARS), and this must be submitted to your financial institution.
The Global Value Equity Feeder Fund
The Global Value Equity Feeder Fund is just one of the products Discovery Invest can offer you for offshore exposure and is a rand-denominated fund. The fund benchmark is the MSCI All Country World Index in rands. This fund is suitable for investors with a long-term investment goal, a moderate to high risk profile, and who are looking for capital growth.
The Discovery Global Value Equity Feeder Fund has achieved top quartile ranking over both the short and medium term, as shown below:
As at 31 August 2017:
Source: Discovery Internal data and Investec Asset management. Figures are shown net of fund management fees and are annualised.
Nothing contained herein should be construed as financial advice and is meant for information purposes only. The views contained herein are not those of Discovery Limited or any of its subsidiaries and are those of the author/s.
What to know before investing in collective investment schemes (unit trusts)
Before you invest in a collective investment scheme, there is important information you should know. This includes how we calculate the value of your investment, what affects the value of your investment, and investment charges you may have to pay. This notice sets out the information in detail. Speak to your financial adviser if you have any questions about this information or about your investment.
What the investment is
This Fund is a Collective Investment Scheme (also known as a unit trust fund) regulated by the Collective Investment Schemes Control Act, 45 of 2002 (CISCA). Collective investment schemes in securities are generally medium- to long-term investments (around three to five years).
Who manages the investment
Discovery Life Collective Investments (Pty) Ltd, branded as Discovery Invest, is the manager of the Fund. Discovery Invest is a member of the Association of Savings and Investment South Africa (ASISA).
You decide about the suitability of this investment for your needs
By investing in this Fund, you confirm that:
- We did not provide you with any financial and investment advice about this investment
- You have taken particular care to consider whether this investment is suitable for your own needs, personal investment objectives and financial situation.
You understand that your investment may go up or down
1. The value of units (known as participatory interests) may go down as well as up.
2. Past performance is not necessarily an indication of future performance.
3. Exchange rates may fluctuate, causing the value of investments with international exposure to go up or down.
4. The capital value and investment returns of your portfolio may go up or down. We do not provide any guarantees about the capital or the returns of a portfolio.
How we calculate the unit prices and value the portfolios
1 We calculate unit trust prices on a net-asset value basis. (The net asset value is defined as the total market value of all assets in the unit portfolio, including any income accrued and less any allowable deductions from the portfolio, divided by the number of units in issue.)
2. The securities in collective investment schemes are traded at ruling prices using forward pricing. (Forward pricing means pricing all buy and sell orders of units according to the next net-asset value).
3. We value all portfolios every business day at 16:00, except on the last business day of the month when we value the portfolios at 17:00.
4. For the money market portfolio, the price of each unit is aimed at a constant value. This means that all returns are provided in the form of a distribution and that a change in the capital value will be an exception and only due to abnormal losses.
5. Buy and sell orders will receive the same price for that day if we receive them before 11:00 for the money market portfolio and before 14:00for the other portfolios.
6. We publish fund prices every business day, with a three-day lag, on www.discovery.co.za
About managing the portfolio
1. The portfolio manager may borrow up to 10% of the portfolio’s market value from any appropriate financial institution in order to bridge insufficient liquidity.
2. The portfolio manager can borrow and lend scrip.
3. The portfolio may be closed in order to be managed according to the mandate (if applicable).
Fees and charges for this investment
There are fees and other charges for this investment.
The fees and charges that apply to this investment are included in the net asset value of the units and you do not have to pay any extra amounts. These fees and charges may include:
- The initial fund management fee
- Incentives (if applicable)
- Brokerage fees
- Market securities tax
- Auditor fees
- Bank charges
- Trustee fees
- Custodian fees
You can ask us for a schedule of fees, charges and maximum commissions.
The total expense ratio
1 Total expense ratio means a measure of a portfolio's assets that have been expended as payment for services rendered in the management of the portfolio or collective investment scheme, expressed as a percentage of the average daily value of the portfolio or collective investment scheme calculated over a period of a financial year by the manager of the portfolio or collective investment scheme.
2. A percentage of the net asset value of the portfolio is for fees and other charges relating to managing the portfolio. The percentage is referred to as the total expense ratio (TER).
3. A higher TER does not necessarily imply poor return, nor does a low TER imply good return.
4. The current TER is not an indication of any future TERs. If fees go up, the TER is also expected to increase.
5. During any phase-in period, the TERs do not include information gathered over a full year.
1. Investors and advisers can use transaction cost (TC) as a measure to work out the costs they will incur in buying and selling the underlying assets of a portfolio.
2. The transaction cost is expressed as a percentage of the daily net asset value of the portfolio calculated over three years on an annualised basis. (This means the amount of interest an investment earns each year on average over three years, expressed as a percentage.)
3.Transaction cost is a necessary costs in administering the Fund. It affects the Fund’s returns. It should not be considered in isolation as returns may also be affected by many other factors over time, including:
- Market returns
- The type of fund
- The investment decisions of the investment manager
- The TER.
4. Where a fund is less than one year old, the TER and transaction cost cannot be calculated accurately. This is because:
- The life span of the fund is short
- Calculations are based on actual data where possible and best estimates where actual data is not available.
5.The TER and the TC shown on the fund sheet are the latest available figures.
Discovery Life Investment Services (Pty) Ltd branded as Discovery Invest is an authorised financial services provider. Registration number 2007/00596/07.